Lobisón is the word that stands for
Werewolf in north Argentina.
The Lobisón is usually the seventh son in a family (whereas the seventh
daughter is doomed to be a witch). When they turn into a hairy creature that
resembles both a man and a wolf, the Lobisón (a legend greatly influenced
by the Brazilian traditions), wanders in the hills and mountains, feeding mostly
upon carrion. However, if they get to meet with a human being, they will instantly
attack. The survivors (men and women) will then turn into Lobisones themselves,
but it is quite rare, because most people die in the claws and teeth of these
ferocious creatures. It is also said that if a Lobison's saliva sprinkles over
a man or a woman, he or she will eventually turn into a Lobisón.
to loboazul for the above information)
In the early 1900s the legend of the 7th son (it had to be
7 boys in a row, no girls in between) transforming himself
into a werewolf was so widespread and believed that it was
causing a lot of children to be abandoned or given away for
adoption, and it is said that in some cases the parents killed
their own son. Because of this, the president passed a law
in the 1920s by which the 7th son of a family automatically
receives the godfathership of the president of Argentina! Through
this, the state gives him a gold medal on the day of his baptism
(when the president officially becomes his godfather) and a
scholarship for all of his studies until his 21st birthday.
Supposedly, this ended the phenomenon of people condemning
their children for fear of the werewolf. The law is still in
effect, and it is popularly known, and the presidents have
always attended at least some of the baptisms, especially during
to Rodolfo C. Ferioli for
the above information)
In Brazil, A humam only will become
a "lobisomem" if he was the 7th children (male) from the same
father and mother. He changes into a "lobisomem", for the first
time when he is 13 years old. Just for two hours: from Midnight
to 2:00 am. Always on Friday during Lent.
In some places of Brazil (Portuguese colonization is responsable
for the legend in that Country), the damned man changes in
a crossroad, friday night (usually the 13th), after midnight
when the moon is full.
to Daniel do N A Bento and Marcio de Paiva
Delgado for the above information)
The Finnish werewolves are rather melancholy creatures (surprisingly...). In
our stories/legends/myths a person usually turns into a wolf without
really wanting it, accidentally (by doing something that'll turn him into
a wolf without knowing this might happen) or because some witch has put a
spell on him (according to Finns, these witches would naturally be Sami,
although the Swedes thought we were pretty good at magic ourselves). The
werewolf (who's usually bound to be a wolf for nights and days until something
releases him from the spell) then lurks around houses, sometimes eating cattle
but rarely people and waits for somebody to recognize him. When somebody
does (e.g the wolf's mother), she/he can break the spell by calling the werewolf
by his Christian name or giving him some bread to eat. Sometimes after the
werewolf had regained his human form, he would still have his tail till the
day he died. Some houses actually exhibit sauna benches (or whatever they
are called; 'lauteet' in Finnish) that have a hole in them, presumably cut
for the ex-werewolf's tail. Finland's southern neighbor, Estonia is also
known for its werewolf legends. Estonia is sometimes called 'Viro' in Finnish,
and at one time werewolves were called 'vironsusi' ('Estonian wolf') in Finland.
It should be mentioned, though, that 'vironsusi' is originally the same word
as 'werewolf', meaning 'man-wolf' and connecting it with Estonia is a false
etymology due to Estonia's reputation as a werewolf country.
to Riikka for the above information)
The werewolf is basically a universal
myth. In Mexico, the most widely spread version of the werewolf
is the one called "nahual", which comes from the
Nahuatl (the ancient language of the Aztecs, becoming thus,
the universal language in the pre-Hispanic world)word "Nuahualli",
meaning warlock. Since the Spaniards did not bring much on
werewolves after colonizing Mexico, the ancient local legends
on the subject became predominant. The nahual was a warlock
who had the capability to shape-shift at will into an animal,
preferably a black or dark coyote. It was believed in the pre-Hispanic
times, that people were constantly threatened by these evil beings.
Even if the Spaniards who came to Mexican lands in the mid 1500s were not concerned
about werewolfery, they were influenced by other European countries that had
pretty strong legends on the subject. And so, this allowed for the nahual myth
to survive the Colony times and make its way through present time. Some indigenous
groups still currently believe that nahuales turn into coyotes or other animals
at night, through the use of magic and sorcery, in order to harm other people.
Once they have shape-shifted, nahuales can run the lengths with no difficulty
to steal corn of chickens, and to fight other nahuales that pretend to invade
their territories. Such indigenous people's legends say that once in animal
form, they can get killed if wounded, but in case they survive, they will show
the wounds or damage done suffered while in animal form
According to modern-day Mexican indigenous beliefs, the nahuales can shapeshift
by performing anyone of the following: Jumping over a wooden cross, getting
into deep sleep, putting on an animal skin, or covering their bodies with an
ointment made of herbs, Not everyone can achieve the transformation. Just a
few ones have been nature-granted with the capability to perform the change,
but they also need to be skilled warlocks or sorcerers. These legends also
tell about the way to kill a nahual or Mexican werewolf: Stoning, or gun-shooting;
they can also be killed by using holy water, fire or by hanging them.
In the Mexican state of Tlaxcala, in
the surroundings of the mountain known as La Malinche (the
wife of the Spaniard conqueror Hernán Cortés)the
nahuas (a local indigenous group) believe that witches or "tlahuelpuchi" turn
into fearsome coyotes at night, in order to break inside the
houses where small children live to suck their blood. On the
day after, parents will find their sons or daughters dead,
with savage bites on their necks, legs and arms.
To prevent the attacks by tlahuelpuchi witches, parents leave by the bedside
in the kid's room a mirror reflecting the sleeping child, a knife or a pair
of scissors, all of which are said to have magical properties that scare-off
these savage female werewolves.
In the Mexican
state of Oaxaca, there
are several indigenous groups, having each one similar
beliefs of their own. In regards with the werewolf-like
characters, the Zapotecs, for instance, say that nahuales
are warlocks who shapeshift into ferocious and damaging
animals that can produce great evils to people. They
believe that nahuales are warlocks who make deals with
the Devil in order to be able to turn into coyotes to
suck people's blood while they sleep. They can only shapeshift
at night. Their powers, according to such legend, include
the capability of damaging unborn children, which explains
to them why some kids are born dead or with malformations.
In order to scare nahuales off, the Zapotecs place garlic
on their doors and a knife or a pair of scissors under
On the other hand, the Chinantecs, yet
another indigenous group living in Oaxaca, also believe in
nahuales. To them, nahuales can be both men and women, and
they can only achieve the transformation at night, and they
get to kill those who see them or even dare to face
them. The Chinantecs say that if the nahual is injured in
the battle, but manages to escape, on the day after, the
man or woman behind the beast will show scars resulting
from the wounds inflicted to them while in animal shape.
to loboazul for the above information)
The Norse legends claim that one can
change shape by wearing the skins of the animal one want's
to change to.(also used by other cultures, belt made from a
wolf etc.). Loki (the god) often changed and had a lot of skins(including
a worm and a flea skin).
to ice for the above information)
In Portugal, werewolves are called lobis-homems.
In the 1400's there was one kind of lobis-homem that was very
quite common: The gentle and non-attacking creature. Once fallen
under a spell, the lobis-homem would attend a crossroad at
night to become a wolf after groveling on the dirt. Then the
creature would run into the countryside, howling out loud,
without hurting anyone. A shy and sad creature, the Portuguese
lobis-homem could be easily recognized, for it was a wolf with
a short and yellow-furred tail.
However, there was yet another kind of werewolf in Portugal, with little resemblance
to this noble creature. It was the evil and devilish variety, far less-common
though, linked directly to the black arts of witchcraft. Evil lobis-homems
could be recognized by the shape of their eyes and sometimes because of the
presence of the Devil's mark in some part of the body.
to loboazul for the above information)
The person wishing to tranform goes
into the forest, sticking a copper knife into a tree and dances
about while saying incantations. When this ritual is
performed, the spirit of the Wolf will take over your soul.