The Rougarou (alternately spelled as Roux-Ga-Roux, Rugaroo,
or Rugaru), is a legendary creature in Laurentian French communities
linked to European notions of the werewolf.
Versions of the Folklore
The folk tales of the creature known as a rougarou are as diverse
as the spelling of its name, though they are all connected
to francophone cultures through a common derived belief in
the Loup Garou (pronounced lu'gä-ru). Loup is French for
wolf, and garou (from Frankish garulf, cognate with English
werewolf) is a man who transforms into an animal.
Rougarou represents a variant pronunciation and spelling of the
original French loup garou. Both words are used interchangeably
in southern Louisiana. Some people call the monster rougarou;
others refer to it as the loup garou.
The rougarou legend has been spread for many generations, either
directly from French settlers to Louisiana (New France) or via
the French Canadian immigrants centuries ago.
In the Cajun legend, the creature is said to prowl the swamps
around Acadiana and Greater New Orleans, and possibly the fields
or forests of the regions. The rougarou most often is noted as
a creature with a human body and the head of a wolf or dog, similar
to the werewolf legend.
Often the story-telling was used for fear. One example is stories
were told by elders to persuade Cajun children behave. Another
example relates that the wolf-like beast will hunt down and kill
Catholics who do not follow the rules of Lent. This coincides
with the French Catholic loup garou stories, where the method
for turning into a werewolf was to break Lent seven years in
A common blood sucking legend speculated
that the rougarou was under the spell for 101 days. After that
time, the curse was transferred from person to person when
the rougarou drew another human’s blood. During the day
the creature returned to human form. Although acting sickly,
the human refrained to tell others of the situation for fear
of being killed.
Other stories range from the rougarou as a headless horseman
to the rougarou derived from witchcraft. In the latter claim,
only a witch could make a rougarou - either by turning themselves
into wolves or cursing others with lycanthropy.